Status project: Lopend
Sustainably generated electricity from sustainable sources, particularly solar and wind are increasingly causing imbalance on the electricity grid. Because these sources are variable and poorly controllable, the electricity production sometimes exceeds the demand and vice versa. Network operators are therefore looking for smart grid solutions with which supply and demand can be smartly coordinated.
Electric cars can be used as a buffer in the energy grid through smart charging. With smart charging, electric cars are charged and discharged when there is a surplus or a shortage of electricity. The batteries of electric cars can be used for this purpose because cars stand still for the greater part of the day (shared cars are used up to 40%). A precondition for this is that the user adapts his charging behaviour to the available amount of solar energy. This requires interaction with the end user.
SolarMiles is about smart charging of electric shared cars with solar energy. To make electric driving really sustainable, the Amelander Energie Coöperatie and Grunneger Power want to charge electric shared cars with their own generated solar energy. At the same time, this can contribute to the net balance. Electric cars can act as a buffer in the energy grid by charging the cars when there is a surplus of solar energy. SolarMiles investigates how user mobility demand and the demand for buffer capacity in the grid can be cleverly linked.
In addition to knowledge about the technique of smart charging, it also requires insight into users interaction, often a ‘missing link’ in existing projects. Through researching the user variables in smart charging, the project aims to create conditions for further development of this technical innovation. In SolarMiles innovative service concepts are developed that motivate users of electric shared cars to charge these cars as much as possible with available solar energy. This is developed in close cooperation, or ‘co-creation’, with users. The service concept is tested and evaluated by potential users with help from BMW and the necessary software.
SolarMiles investigates how user mobility demand and the buffer capacity in the grid can be cleverly linked. To this end, the following questions will be answered:
The development of an innovative service concept is to encourage end users of electric shared cars to charge the cars efficiently, so that the available solar energy and the capacity of the car as a buffer can be optimally utilized.
By adapting to the users’ wishes and demands, we contribute to the development of service concepts for sustainable mobility that are supported socially. SolarMiles aims to create the conditions for further development of the current technological innovation from smart charging to a fully-fledged service that connects with the user.
SolarMiles will produce the following results:
By gaining insight into the behaviour and needs of the end user, the success of implementing the smart charging technology can be increased. With the project results existing players can further develop their products and services and the energy cooperation can further develop the ‘proof of concept’ and set it out within their communities. The process of co-creation with users leads to new forms of sustainable transport which can count on a better social support.
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Professorship Communication, Behaviour and The Sustainable Society.
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